Ever wonder how Murano makes the beautiful crystal chandelier hanging in all the big houses in the world? Believe it or not, they are still handmade in glass factories on the island of Murano, about 17 minutes from Venice, Italy. These centuries-old techniques are still used today to make Murano glass, which are some of the finest glasses in the world. But chandeliers are not made of crystal. They are handmade from glass.
The glass manufacturers used by the glass manufacturers at Murano have kept their secret to glass made for centuries. They were moved to the island of Murano in 1291 because it was fear that their glasses would make the fire begin. They became famous all over the world with the glass they made. No one could make glass vases, chandeliers, lamps or jewelry as glass makers of Murano. Today, their glass is still highly sought after. However, there are many who sell "Murano glass" which is not from the island.
There are several types of Italian chandeliers sold by the name of Murano, but they are not genuine glass from Murano. Chandeliers can be manufactured with three different types of glass. The first is rock crystal, which is a natural mineral from the crust. They are sometimes used to imitate diamonds and are still used to make jewelry. They come in several colors from transparent quartz to amethyst to rose quartz. They are not made for Murano chandeliers.
The other is lead crystal where lead is added to the glass. It helps the glass breaking light to a prism of colors when struck with solar radiation. It does reflect and break. Lead crystal is never used in Murano chandeliers.
The third type of crystal is a rhinestone or an imitation diamond. They cut them just like they do real diamonds, but they are mostly used for fashion and decor and for costumes, especially for pop artists and ballroom dances.
None of these crystals use to make Murano crystal chandeliers. The word crystal clear came from the Italian word cristallo, which means crystal clear. It was used when the glass makers Murano created the first "crystal clear" glass in 1450. It was completely transparent. That means it didn't have any flaws, bubbles or smoke in the glass. At that time, it was a great technique because the glass was "clear as a crystal". That word has led to many misunderstandings about Murano crystal chandeliers.
Although there are many manufacturers of glass products claiming to be Murano glass, you can tell the real Murano glass from the sticker applied to the object. It cannot be deleted unless you break the item. When looking for a vase, chandelier, glasses or jewelry made by Murano glass manufacturers, look for the sticker. You know it is genuine and done on the island of Murano. This should be "crystal clear" for you before you buy the item.