An Interesting Introduction to Psychology – Gestalt, Jung, and Therapy




Limit values ​​defined by Gestalt therapy are as follows: Introjection intends to "cool" information without ever understanding or assimilating it; projection means shifting one's own wishes to another; in retroflexion, a person makes himself what she wants to do to others (eg isolation, masturbation); deflection references to avoid contact by being vague, indirect or excessively polite; confluence occurs when the boundary of the self-environment is too thin and is not perceived as distinct but merged into attitudes, beliefs and the feelings of others. and insulation is when the boundary of the self-environment becomes non-existent. A gestalt therapist sees transmission in the client-therapist relationship as a fantasy that prevents true self-awareness.

Jung's Analytical Psychotherapy Shows the behavior determined by both conscious and unconscious factors, including collective unconsciousness, and is based on the theory that personality continues to evolve through longevity. Jung claimed that the personal (individual) unconscious originates from deepening, while collective unconscious comes from universally inherited neural patterns and is described as the "reservoir of our species' experience". From Jung's analytical perspective, archetypes are innate, universal prototypes for ideas that can be used to interpret observations. A group of memories and interpretations associated with one is called a complex. Extroversion is an opportunity to find pleasure in external things; Introversion reflects a turn inward in libido. Jung believed that people at about 40 years of age moved from their adolescent eradication to the immigration of adulthood, a time period called the midlife crisis (transition).

Practitioners of person-centered therapy believe that people have an inherent ability for growth and self-actualization and that the maladministration behavior occurs when the incongruity between self and experiences interferes with this natural tenderness. In person-centered therapy, the 3 facilitating conditions of the therapy application allow the clients to return to their natural tendency for self-actualization, empathic understanding (empathy), congruence (authenticity / authenticity) and unconditional positive behavior.

Solution focused therapy therapists see the customer as an expert while the therapist acts as a consultant / partner who asks questions designed to help customers identify and use their strengths and resources to achieve goals. Solution focused therapists believe it is irrelevant to understand the etiology or attribute of abusive behavior. They prefer to focus on solutions to problems.

Feminist therapy is focused on empowerment and social change, based on the promise that "the person is political" and trying to remove the client-therapist relationship. In Feminist Object-related Therapy, the two contributors to gender behavior are 1. Sexual work distribution and 2. Maternal child relationship (which means that many gender differences can be traced to differences in maternal and parent company relationships). In contrast to feminist therapy, non-sexist therapy focuses more on personal causes of behavior and personal change.

According to Self-In-Relation Theory, one's sense of self is very dependent on how they connect with others, so psychopathology is seen as a result of disconnection with others. A good technique to use with customers who are ambivalent in changing their behaviors and combinations the transtheoretical model with client-centered therapy and self-effect is Motivational Interviewing. The goal of increasing the couple's recognition and initiation of pleasant interactions, reducing a few aversive interactions (negative exchanges), teaching a couple of effective problem-solving and communication skills, and teaching a couple to use a contingency contract to solve Persistent issues characterizes behavioral family therapy.